23 de janeiro de 2012 | 13h27
A new study suggests that people living along the coast of northern Peru were eating popcorn 1,000 years earlier than previously thought. Researchers say corncobs found at an ancient site in Peru suggest that the inhabitants used them for making flour and popcorn.
Reportagem: Vanessa Buschschluter
Maize was first domesticated in Mexico nearly nine-thousand years ago from a wild grass.
It was assumed it took a good few thousand of years to reach South America, where it is an important part of today's diet.
But corn cobs found at ancient archaeological sites in northern Peru indicate it was being eaten by people living there as long as 6,700 years ago.
And, tests carried out on the ancient cobs suggest it was being used in more varied ways than previously believed: namely for making flour and popcorn!
This would mean that in some areas people were making popcorn even before they had pottery. How exactly they went about making it, especially if they lacked pottery, is not clear.
Even less clear is just when they would have eaten it, in an age before movies.
maize (milho, uma planta alta que cresce a partir do grão amarelo de milho) a tall plant grown for its large yellow grains of corn domesticated (domesticado, transformado em algo adequado ao consumo humano) changed into something suitable for human consumption
assumed (considerado verdade) believed to be true
diet (dieta, a uebrou facilmente) the food and drink we eat regularly
corn cobs (espiga de milho, a parte dura e alongada da planta, onde se desenvolvem os grãos amarelos) the long hard parts of the maize plant that the yellow grains grow on
archaeological sites(sítios arqueológicos, locais onde foram encontrados enterrados restos históricos de construções e objetos) places where historical remains of buildings and objects have been found in the ground
indicate (indicam, mostram que é provável) show it is likely
pottery (cerâmica, potes e pratos feitos de barro cozido em um forno) pots and dishes made with clay that have been baked in the oven
lacked (a falta de algo em quantidade suficiente) had not enough of
an age (uma era, um período particular da história) a particular period of history BBC Brasil - Todos os direitos reservados. É proibido todo tipo de reprodução sem autorização por escrito da BBC.
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